# 6.30. XDR based trajectory files — MDAnalysis.coordinates.XDR¶

This module contains helper function and classes to read the XTC and TRR file formats.

MDAnalysis.coordinates.XTC
Read and write GROMACS XTC trajectory files.
MDAnalysis.coordinates.TRR
Read and write GROMACS TRR trajectory files.
MDAnalysis.lib.formats.libmdaxdr
class MDAnalysis.coordinates.XDR.XDRBaseReader(filename, convert_units=True, sub=None, refresh_offsets=False, **kwargs)[source]

Base class for libmdaxdr file formats xtc and trr

This class handles integration of XDR based formats into MDAnalysis. The XTC and TRR classes only implement _write_next_frame and _frame_to_ts.

Notes

XDR based readers store persistent offsets on disk. The offsets are used to enable access to random frames efficiently. These offsets will be generated automatically the first time the trajectory is opened. Generally offsets are stored in hidden *_offsets.npz files. Afterwards opening the same file again is fast. It sometimes can happen that the stored offsets get out off sync with the trajectory they refer to. For this the offsets also store the number of atoms, size of the file and last modification time. If any of them change the offsets are recalculated. Writing of the offset file can fail when the directory where the trajectory file resides is not writable or if the disk is full. In this case a warning message will be shown but the offsets will nevertheless be used during the lifetime of the trajectory Reader. However, the next time the trajectory is opened, the offsets will have to be rebuilt again.

Changed in version 1.0.0: XDR offsets read from trajectory if offsets file read-in fails

Parameters: filename (str) – trajectory filename convert_units (bool (optional)) – convert units to MDAnalysis units sub (array_like (optional)) – sub is an array of indices to pick out the corresponding coordinates and load only them; this requires that the topology itself is that of the sub system. refresh_offsets (bool (optional)) – force refresh of offsets **kwargs (dict) – General reader arguments.
OtherWriter(filename, **kwargs)

Returns a writer appropriate for filename.

Sets the default keywords start, step and dt (if available). n_atoms is always set from Reader.n_atoms.

Reader.Writer()

Writer(filename, n_atoms=None, **kwargs)[source]

Return writer for trajectory format

add_auxiliary(auxname, auxdata, format=None, **kwargs)

Auxiliary data may be any data timeseries from the trajectory additional to that read in by the trajectory reader. auxdata can be an AuxReader instance, or the data itself as e.g. a filename; in the latter case an appropriate AuxReader is guessed from the data/file format. An appropriate format may also be directly provided as a key word argument.

On adding, the AuxReader is initially matched to the current timestep of the trajectory, and will be updated when the trajectory timestep changes (through a call to next() or jumping timesteps with trajectory[i]).

The representative value(s) of the auxiliary data for each timestep (as calculated by the AuxReader) are stored in the current timestep in the ts.aux namespace under auxname; e.g. to add additional pull force data stored in pull-force.xvg:

u = MDAnalysis.Universe(PDB, XTC)


The representative value for the current timestep may then be accessed as u.trajectory.ts.aux.pull or u.trajectory.ts.aux['pull'].

Note

Auxiliary data is assumed to be time-ordered, with no duplicates. See the Auxiliary API.

add_transformations(*transformations)

Add all transformations to be applied to the trajectory.

This function take as list of transformations as an argument. These transformations are functions that will be called by the Reader and given a Timestep object as argument, which will be transformed and returned to the Reader. The transformations can be part of the transformations module, or created by the user, and are stored as a list transformations. This list can only be modified once, and further calls of this function will raise an exception.

u = MDAnalysis.Universe(topology, coordinates)
workflow = [some_transform, another_transform, this_transform]


The transformations are applied in the order given in the list transformations, i.e., the first transformation is the first or innermost one to be applied to the Timestep. The example above would be equivalent to

for ts in u.trajectory:
ts = this_transform(another_transform(some_transform(ts)))

Parameters: transform_list (list) – list of all the transformations that will be applied to the coordinates in the order given in the list
aux_list

Lists the names of added auxiliary data.

check_slice_indices(start, stop, step)

Check frame indices are valid and clip to fit trajectory.

The usage follows standard Python conventions for range() but see the warning below.

Parameters: start (int or None) – Starting frame index (inclusive). None corresponds to the default of 0, i.e., the initial frame. stop (int or None) – Last frame index (exclusive). None corresponds to the default of n_frames, i.e., it includes the last frame of the trajectory. step (int or None) – step size of the slice, None corresponds to the default of 1, i.e, include every frame in the range start, stop. start, stop, step – Integers representing the slice tuple (int, int, int)

Warning

The returned values start, stop and step give the expected result when passed in range() but gives unexpected behavior when passed in a slice when stop=None and step=-1

This can be a problem for downstream processing of the output from this method. For example, slicing of trajectories is implemented by passing the values returned by check_slice_indices() to range()

range(start, stop, step)


and using them as the indices to randomly seek to. On the other hand, in MDAnalysis.analysis.base.AnalysisBase the values returned by check_slice_indices() are used to splice the trajectory by creating a slice instance

slice(start, stop, step)


This creates a discrepancy because these two lines are not equivalent:

range(10, -1, -1)             # [10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0]
range(10)[slice(10, -1, -1)]  # []

close()[source]

convert_forces_from_native(force, inplace=True)

Conversion of forces array force from native to base units

Parameters: force (array_like) – Forces to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input force is modified in place and also returned. In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

New in version 0.7.7.

convert_forces_to_native(force, inplace=True)

Conversion of force array force from base to native units.

Parameters: force (array_like) – Forces to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input force is modified in place and also returned. In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

New in version 0.7.7.

convert_pos_from_native(x, inplace=True)

Conversion of coordinate array x from native units to base units.

Parameters: x (array_like) – Positions to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input x is modified in place and also returned. In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

Changed in version 0.7.5: Keyword inplace can be set to False so that a modified copy is returned unless no conversion takes place, in which case the reference to the unmodified x is returned.

convert_pos_to_native(x, inplace=True)

Conversion of coordinate array x from base units to native units.

Parameters: x (array_like) – Positions to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input x is modified in place and also returned. In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

Changed in version 0.7.5: Keyword inplace can be set to False so that a modified copy is returned unless no conversion takes place, in which case the reference to the unmodified x is returned.

convert_time_from_native(t, inplace=True)

Convert time t from native units to base units.

Parameters: t (array_like) – Time values to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input t is modified in place and also returned (although note that scalar values t are passed by value in Python and hence an in-place modification has no effect on the caller.) In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

Changed in version 0.7.5: Keyword inplace can be set to False so that a modified copy is returned unless no conversion takes place, in which case the reference to the unmodified x is returned.

convert_time_to_native(t, inplace=True)

Convert time t from base units to native units.

Parameters: t (array_like) – Time values to transform inplace (bool, optional) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input t is modified in place and also returned. (Also note that scalar values t are passed by value in Python and hence an in-place modification has no effect on the caller.)

Changed in version 0.7.5: Keyword inplace can be set to False so that a modified copy is returned unless no conversion takes place, in which case the reference to the unmodified x is returned.

convert_velocities_from_native(v, inplace=True)

Conversion of velocities array v from native to base units

Parameters: v (array_like) – Velocities to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input v is modified in place and also returned. In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

New in version 0.7.5.

convert_velocities_to_native(v, inplace=True)

Conversion of coordinate array v from base to native units

Parameters: v (array_like) – Velocities to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input v is modified in place and also returned. In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

New in version 0.7.5.

copy()

Return independent copy of this Reader.

New Reader will have its own file handle and can seek/iterate independently of the original.

Will also copy the current state of the Timestep held in the original Reader

dt

Time between two trajectory frames in picoseconds.

frame

Frame number of the current time step.

This is a simple short cut to Timestep.frame.

get_aux_attribute(auxname, attrname)

Get the value of attrname from the auxiliary auxname

Parameters: auxname (str) – Name of the auxiliary to get value for attrname (str) – Name of gettable attribute in the auxiliary reader
get_aux_descriptions(auxnames=None)

If no auxnames are provided, defaults to the full list of added auxiliaries.

Passing the resultant description to add_auxiliary() will allow recreation of the auxiliary. e.g., to duplicate all auxiliaries into a second trajectory:

descriptions = trajectory_1.get_aux_descriptions()
for aux in descriptions:

Returns: List of dictionaries of the args/kwargs describing each auxiliary. list
iter_as_aux(auxname)

Iterate through timesteps for which there is at least one assigned step from the auxiliary auxname within the cutoff specified in auxname.

iter_auxiliary(auxname, start=None, stop=None, step=None, selected=None)

Iterate through the auxiliary auxname independently of the trajectory.

Will iterate over the specified steps of the auxiliary (defaults to all steps). Allows to access all values in an auxiliary, including those out of the time range of the trajectory, without having to also iterate through the trajectory.

After interation, the auxiliary will be repositioned at the current step.

Parameters: auxname (str) – Name of the auxiliary to iterate over. stop, step) ((start,) – Options for iterating over a slice of the auxiliary. selected (lst | ndarray, optional) – List of steps to iterate over. AuxStep object
n_frames

number of frames in trajectory

next()

Forward one step to next frame.

next_as_aux(auxname)

Move to the next timestep for which there is at least one step from the auxiliary auxname within the cutoff specified in auxname.

This allows progression through the trajectory without encountering NaN representative values (unless these are specifically part of the auxiliary data).

If the auxiliary cutoff is not set, where auxiliary steps are less frequent (auxiliary.dt > trajectory.dt), this allows progression at the auxiliary pace (rounded to nearest timestep); while if the auxiliary steps are more frequent, this will work the same as calling next().

See the Auxiliary API.

classmethod parse_n_atoms(filename, **kwargs)[source]

Read the coordinate file and deduce the number of atoms

Returns: n_atoms – the number of atoms in the coordinate file int NotImplementedError – when the number of atoms can’t be deduced
remove_auxiliary(auxname)

Clear data and close the AuxReader for the auxiliary auxname.

rename_aux(auxname, new)

Change the name of the auxiliary auxname to new.

Provided there is not already an auxiliary named new, the auxiliary name will be changed in ts.aux namespace, the trajectory’s list of added auxiliaries, and in the auxiliary reader itself.

Parameters: auxname (str) – Name of the auxiliary to rename new (str) – New name to try set ValueError – If the name new is already in use by an existing auxiliary.
rewind()

Position at beginning of trajectory

set_aux_attribute(auxname, attrname, new)

Set the value of attrname in the auxiliary auxname.

Parameters: auxname (str) – Name of the auxiliary to alter attrname (str) – Name of settable attribute in the auxiliary reader new – New value to try set attrname to
time

Time of the current frame in MDAnalysis time units (typically ps).

This is either read straight from the Timestep, or calculated as time = Timestep.frame * Timestep.dt

totaltime

Total length of the trajectory

The time is calculated as (n_frames - 1) * dt, i.e., we assume that the first frame no time as elapsed. Thus, a trajectory with two frames will be considered to have a length of a single time step dt and a “trajectory” with a single frame will be reported as length 0.

transformations

Returns the list of transformations

class MDAnalysis.coordinates.XDR.XDRBaseWriter(filename, n_atoms, convert_units=True, **kwargs)[source]

Base class for libmdaxdr file formats xtc and trr

Parameters: filename (str) – filename of trajectory n_atoms (int) – number of atoms to be written convert_units (bool (optional)) – convert from MDAnalysis units to format specific units **kwargs (dict) – General writer arguments
close()[source]

close trajectory

convert_dimensions_to_unitcell(ts, inplace=True)

Read dimensions from timestep ts and return appropriate unitcell.

The default is to return [A,B,C,alpha,beta,gamma]; if this is not appropriate then this method has to be overriden.

convert_forces_from_native(force, inplace=True)

Conversion of forces array force from native to base units

Parameters: force (array_like) – Forces to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input force is modified in place and also returned. In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

New in version 0.7.7.

convert_forces_to_native(force, inplace=True)

Conversion of force array force from base to native units.

Parameters: force (array_like) – Forces to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input force is modified in place and also returned. In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

New in version 0.7.7.

convert_pos_from_native(x, inplace=True)

Conversion of coordinate array x from native units to base units.

Parameters: x (array_like) – Positions to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input x is modified in place and also returned. In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

Changed in version 0.7.5: Keyword inplace can be set to False so that a modified copy is returned unless no conversion takes place, in which case the reference to the unmodified x is returned.

convert_pos_to_native(x, inplace=True)

Conversion of coordinate array x from base units to native units.

Parameters: x (array_like) – Positions to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input x is modified in place and also returned. In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

Changed in version 0.7.5: Keyword inplace can be set to False so that a modified copy is returned unless no conversion takes place, in which case the reference to the unmodified x is returned.

convert_time_from_native(t, inplace=True)

Convert time t from native units to base units.

Parameters: t (array_like) – Time values to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input t is modified in place and also returned (although note that scalar values t are passed by value in Python and hence an in-place modification has no effect on the caller.) In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

Changed in version 0.7.5: Keyword inplace can be set to False so that a modified copy is returned unless no conversion takes place, in which case the reference to the unmodified x is returned.

convert_time_to_native(t, inplace=True)

Convert time t from base units to native units.

Parameters: t (array_like) – Time values to transform inplace (bool, optional) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input t is modified in place and also returned. (Also note that scalar values t are passed by value in Python and hence an in-place modification has no effect on the caller.)

Changed in version 0.7.5: Keyword inplace can be set to False so that a modified copy is returned unless no conversion takes place, in which case the reference to the unmodified x is returned.

convert_velocities_from_native(v, inplace=True)

Conversion of velocities array v from native to base units

Parameters: v (array_like) – Velocities to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input v is modified in place and also returned. In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

New in version 0.7.5.

convert_velocities_to_native(v, inplace=True)

Conversion of coordinate array v from base to native units

Parameters: v (array_like) – Velocities to transform inplace (bool (optional)) – Whether to modify the array inplace, overwriting previous data

Note

By default, the input v is modified in place and also returned. In-place operations improve performance because allocating new arrays is avoided.

New in version 0.7.5.

has_valid_coordinates(criteria, x)

Returns True if all values are within limit values of their formats.

Due to rounding, the test is asymmetric (and min is supposed to be negative):

min < x <= max
Parameters: criteria (dict) – dictionary containing the max and min values in native units x (numpy.ndarray) – (x, y, z) coordinates of atoms selected to be written out bool
write(obj)

Write current timestep, using the supplied obj.

Parameters: obj (AtomGroup or Universe) – write coordinate information associate with obj

Note

The size of the obj must be the same as the number of atoms provided when setting up the trajectory.

Deprecated since version 1.0.0: Deprecated the use of Timestep as arguments to write. Use either an AtomGroup or Universe. To be removed in version 2.0.

write_next_timestep(obj)

Write current timestep, using the supplied obj.

Parameters: obj (AtomGroup or Universe) – write coordinate information associated with obj

Deprecated since version 1.0.0: Deprecated, use write() instead

MDAnalysis.coordinates.XDR.offsets_filename(filename, ending='npz')[source]

Return offset filename for XDR files. For this the filename is appended with _offsets.{ending}.

Parameters: filename (str) – filename of trajectory ending (str (optional)) – fileending of offsets file offset_filename str
MDAnalysis.coordinates.XDR.read_numpy_offsets(filename)[source]