# Source code for MDAnalysis.transformations.wrap

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# MDAnalysis --- https://www.mdanalysis.org
# Copyright (c) 2006-2017 The MDAnalysis Development Team and contributors
# (see the file AUTHORS for the full list of names)
#
# Released under the GNU Public Licence, v2 or any higher version
#
#
# R. J. Gowers, M. Linke, J. Barnoud, T. J. E. Reddy, M. N. Melo, S. L. Seyler,
# D. L. Dotson, J. Domanski, S. Buchoux, I. M. Kenney, and O. Beckstein.
# MDAnalysis: A Python package for the rapid analysis of molecular dynamics
# simulations. In S. Benthall and S. Rostrup editors, Proceedings of the 15th
# Python in Science Conference, pages 102-109, Austin, TX, 2016. SciPy.
#
# N. Michaud-Agrawal, E. J. Denning, T. B. Woolf, and O. Beckstein.
# MDAnalysis: A Toolkit for the Analysis of Molecular Dynamics Simulations.
# J. Comput. Chem. 32 (2011), 2319--2327, doi:10.1002/jcc.21787
#

"""\
Wrap/unwrap transformations --- :mod:MDAnalysis.transformations.wrap
======================================================================

Wrap/unwrap the atoms of a given AtomGroup in the unit cell. :func:wrap
translates the atoms back in the unit cell. :func:unwrap translates the
atoms of each molecule so that bons don't split over images.

.. autoclass:: wrap

.. autoclass:: unwrap

"""

from ..lib._cutil import make_whole

from .base import TransformationBase

[docs]class wrap(TransformationBase):
"""
Shift the contents of a given AtomGroup back into the unit cell. ::

+-----------+          +-----------+
|           |          |           |
|         3 | 6        | 6       3 |
|         ! | !        | !       ! |
|       1-2-|-5-8  ->  |-5-8   1-2-|
|         ! | !        | !       ! |
|         4 | 7        | 7       4 |
|           |          |           |
+-----------+          +-----------+

Example
-------

.. code-block:: python

ag = u.atoms
transform = mda.transformations.wrap(ag)

Parameters
----------

ag: Atomgroup
Atomgroup to be wrapped in the unit cell
compound : {'atoms', 'group', 'residues', 'segments', 'fragments'}, optional
The group which will be kept together through the shifting process.

Notes
-----
When specifying a compound, the translation is calculated based on
each compound. The same translation is applied to all atoms
within this compound, meaning it will not be broken by the shift.
This might however mean that not all atoms from the compound are
inside the unit cell, but rather the center of the compound is.

Returns
-------
MDAnalysis.coordinates.base.Timestep

.. versionchanged:: 2.0.0
The transformation was changed from a function/closure to a class
with __call__.
.. versionchanged:: 2.0.0
The transformation was changed to inherit from the base class for
limiting threads and checking if it can be used in parallel analysis.
"""
def __init__(self, ag, compound='atoms',
parallelizable=parallelizable)

self.ag = ag
self.compound = compound

def _transform(self, ts):
self.ag.wrap(compound=self.compound)
return ts

[docs]class unwrap(TransformationBase):
"""
Move all atoms in an AtomGroup so that bonds don't split over images

Atom positions are modified in place.

This function is most useful when atoms have been packed into the primary
unit cell, causing breaks mid molecule, with the molecule then appearing
on either side of the unit cell. This is problematic for operations
such as calculating the center of mass of the molecule. ::

+-----------+     +-----------+
|           |     |           |
| 6       3 |     |         3 | 6
| !       ! |     |         ! | !
|-5-8   1-2-| ->  |       1-2-|-5-8
| !       ! |     |         ! | !
| 7       4 |     |         4 | 7
|           |     |           |
+-----------+     +-----------+

Example
-------

.. code-block:: python

ag = u.atoms
transform = mda.transformations.unwrap(ag)

Parameters
----------
atomgroup : AtomGroup
The :class:MDAnalysis.core.groups.AtomGroup to work with.
The positions of this are modified in place.

Returns
-------
MDAnalysis.coordinates.base.Timestep

.. versionchanged:: 2.0.0
The transformation was changed from a function/closure to a class
with __call__.
.. versionchanged:: 2.0.0
The transformation was changed to inherit from the base class for
limiting threads and checking if it can be used in parallel analysis.
"""
parallelizable=parallelizable)

self.ag = ag

try:
self.ag.fragments
except AttributeError:
raise AttributeError("{} has no fragments".format(self.ag))

def _transform(self, ts):
for frag in self.ag.fragments:
make_whole(frag)
return ts